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Different varities of coffee.

Coffee which is the best start of the day for many people as I guess. So, what the coffee is really and why many people love coffee. Today I am going to tell you what are types of coffee and how it became ready to use for you. Let's dive into it...

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Species of coffee

Talking about the species of coffee there are two main species of coffee beans in the world. Coffee Arabica and Coffee Robusta are the special species of coffee. At present, more than three-quarters of beans are sold in the world of Coffee Arabica and the majority of remaining are Coffee Robusta which is known as Coffee Canephora.

Process of Coffee making

The main reason for producing coffee is to provide a good flavor and it also makes your day special as I guess. What you think? So, I am going to tell the whole process of coffee making. Let's get started...


The coffee starts its life as a seed and after 4 to eight weeks it develops into a seedling. At this stage, the seedling needs to be handled with care ensuring the soil remains moist and doesn't attract an excessive amount of sunlight. After about 9 to 18 months the coffee will grow to about 12 inches tall. it's an extra 3 years before the tree bears fruit, (known as cherries), and an extra 6 years before it's fully mature and producing fruitfully. At this stage, the trees are ready for harvesting. this is often done manually by the locals and typically all hands are on deck.


A good coffee picker can pick the equivalent of fifty to 60 pounds of coffee beans during a day. the typical life during a day. span for a coffee is about 20 to 25 years, yielding around 2000 beans per annum.


Once the cherries are picked they're ready for sorting. this will be wiped out alternative ways counting on the result of the specified coffee taste. the primary way is for ‘Aged coffee’ only and involves keeping the green bean during a well-ventilated warehouse for 1-7 years. this provides the beans a less acidic taste and a syrupy richness.


Dry Processing involves drying the cherries within the sun, then removing the pulp, parchment, and dried skin. this will take up to 2 weeks and therefore the beans must be continuously raked to stop mildew.

Wet Processing this method involves putting the cherries in water; any ones that float are removed as defective. The cherries are then pressed by a machine that only allows the seed and a few pulps to undergo the holes. The remaining pulp is removed leaving the beans which are then left to dry leaving about 10 - 12 percent moisture content.



7. Cleaning, Sorting.

8. Exporting Coffee.

9. Testing Coffee.

10. Roasting the Coffee

This is normally wiped out the importing country because freshly roasted beans must reach the buyer as quickly as possible. the method of roasting the coffee beans involves roasting them at 550 degrees Fahrenheit. The beans are kept moving throughout the whole process to prevent them from burning. once they reach a temperature of about 400 degrees they start to show brown and therefore the caffeoyl or oil that's locked inside the bean starts to emerge. This process is what produces the flavor and aroma of the coffee. Once the beans are far away from the roaster they're immediately cooled with by air or water.


Some brief information about coffee.

Coffee Robusta:

These beans are of a lower grade than Arabica and are typically grown at lower elevations. they're easier to grow and maintain, and that they also are more disease resistant and produce a better yield. Robusta beans have more of an astringent flavor and contain a better amount of caffeine.

Coffee Arabica:

These are the upper-quality beans and are mentioned as gourmet coffee. they need half the quantity of caffeine as Robusta and have more pleasing flavors and aromatic properties. Most Arabica bean varieties are named after their country or region during which they're found, or originated from.

I hope from the above information you may clear about the coffee.

Thank you!

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